Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan was a visionary who realized the significance of library laws for the promotion and growth of library motion in India. He was a far-sighted individual absolutely dedicated to the reason for library and data science. He was absolutely conscious relating to the position of libraries within the enhancement of training in any society. He understood the influence of academic development for the event of nation and the effectiveness and utility of libraries to advertise training.
In 1924, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan visited plenty of public libraries throughout his keep in United Kingdom. These visits enabled him to review the system, functioning, funding and providers of varied libraries. As a consequence he was satisfied that library laws alone would supply a scientific, well-knit and environment friendly public library service. Since public libraries are casual businesses of training, due to this fact it’s compulsory for a welfare state to offer, keep and develop a community of public libraries to satisfy the wants of the lots. A public library being important a peoples’ establishment is to be maintained out of public funds, which need to be collected most equitably. Solely the federal government has bought the ability and authority to impose and gather taxes by way of authorized sanction, therefore library laws is crucial to gather the library cess. Thus it’s obvious that it’s crucial for the federal government to enact library laws for the institution and clean functioning of a community of public libraries to cater to the academic wants of most of the people.
Dr. S. R. Ranganathan was the primary individual in India who ever thought concerning the want for library laws in 1925 after returning to India from England. He drafted a ‘Mannequin Library Act’ and introduced it for dialogue on the First All Asia Instructional Convention, which was held in Banaras on 27-30 December 1930. The contributors of the convention have been absolutely satisfied with some great benefits of draft laws and the views of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. This ‘Mannequin Library Act’ was printed by the Madras Library Affiliation in the course of the 12 months 1936. He afterward amended the draft Act twice- as soon as in 1957 and once more in 1972. This Mannequin Library Act was launched within the form of Invoice within the Madras Meeting in 1933, by way of Mr. Basher Ahmed Sayeed, the member of the Meeting an fanatic of public library system.
Salient options of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan’s Mannequin Library Act are: –
Besides the Kerala Public Libraries Act, 1989, all of the Acts, which have handed in India in the course of the years 1948 to 1990, have the influenced of Mannequin Public Libraries Act drafted by Dr. S. R. Ranganathan.
Dr. S. R. Ranganathan made persistent efforts for getting the library Acts handed by numerous States in India and dreamt of getting it a land of libraries. He ready plenty of Mannequin Payments for numerous States. Following is a listing of them: –
He additionally ready a Mannequin Union Library Invoice in 1948 and redrafted it in 1957.
India bought the primary Public Library Act by way of the ceaseless efforts of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. For the primary time the Public Library Act was handed by the Madras Legislature in 1948. There’s an attention-grabbing story behind the success of getting the Library Invoice enacted within the third try in 1946 though the 2 makes an attempt made earlier had failed. The primary try was made by Janab Basher Ahmed Sayeed when he launched the Invoice in Madras Legislature in 1933 but it surely couldn’t get by way of because the Madras Legislature was dissolved in 1935. A second try was made in 1938 however afterward the World Warfare-II started and the Invoice couldn’t be adopted. In 1946, Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar, who was an previous pupil of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, turned the Training Minister in Madras State. At some point, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan took a replica of the Mannequin Library Act and went to satisfy the Minister at his home after his normal morning stroll. The Minister was shocked to see his “Guru” early within the morning and enquired concerning the function of his go to. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan replied that he got here to demand his “Gurudakshina”. When the Minister promised to supply the identical, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan gave a replica of Mannequin Act and expressed his want to have it enacted right into a legislation throughout his tenure as Minister. Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar piloted the Invoice and bought it enacted in 1948.